The World’s Women 2015: Trends and Statistics report-Two-thirds of world’s illiterate adults are women, report finds
The World’s Women 2015 study says 496 million women are illiterate, with significant hurdles to overcome in achieving the global goal of gender equality.Nearly two-thirds of the world’s illiterate adults are women, a proportion that has remained stubbornly unchanged for the past 20 years, according to a global report assessing progress towards gender equality. 781 million adults over the age of 15 estimated to be illiterate, 496 million were women, the World’s Women 2015 report found. Women made up more than half the illiterate population in all regions of the world.
As well as a specific goal to achieve gender equality, the SDGs also aim to end illiteracy and all gender disparities in education by 2030.Efforts to improve girls’ access to schooling were accelerated under the millennium development goals, and significant progress has been recorded in primary school enrolment and attendance rates. Universal primary education has been achieved in most regions. But an estimated 58 million of primary aged children are still out of school, 31 million of them girls, the majority living in sub-Saharan Africa. Gender disparities increased in secondary and tertiary education, despite more young people enrolling over the past 20 years.
While literacy rates have improved globally, older people who missed out on education when they were younger were not getting the support needed in later life to improve their lives.
Indian Women facing inequality at all stages of Life Cycle: UN Study:In absolute terms, India is home to largest surplus of men in the world with 43 million, next only to China that has 52 million surplus men.India has the lowest sex ratio in under-5 mortality with a ratio of 93 that is 93 boys die before age 5 for 100 girls that die by that age; India is also the only country with an under-5 mortality sex ratio under 100. India alone accounted for 21 per cent of all under-5 deaths in 2013.Higher mortality among girls can be closely related to a general preference for sons that is expressed in special treatment for boys in terms of parental investment in nutrition, vaccinations, access to health treatment and parental care in general. Between 1995 and 2013, women’s participation in the labour force declined from 35 to 27 per cent.More than 70 per cent of men working in the non-agriculture sector were employed informally who are vulnerable to unemployment.While female panchayat heads tend to prioritize issues surrounding the provision of drinking water, male heads tend to place more emphasis on irrigations systems.As per data available for 2005-06, in around 99 percent instances, sexual violence is perpetrated by an intimate partner of women.India accounts for one third of the global total of child marriages.About 47 per cent of ever-married girls and women aged 15 to 49 belonging to Scheduled Tribes reported experiences of emotional, physical or sexual violence committed by their husbands, compared to 40 per cent of the total population.Sex of a child influences care-seeking, including delayed hospitalization that results in lower rates of hospitalization among girls than boys. Delays in seeking treatment are generally associated with longer travel distances to health facilities, poverty, lower levels of education and lack of a health card by the mother.India is the biggest contributor to global electricity access deficit where 306.2 million people are without electricity out of 1.2 billion people on the planet. Women are most vulnerable during disasters evident from female mortality during 2004 tsunami and 2010 heat wave in Gujarat.India, along with Nepal, stands as an example to showcase greater participation by women in forest governance is linked to stronger efforts to overcome fuel shortages, and improved conservation practices and resource regeneration.The proportion of women with an account at a formal financial institution was lower than 17 percentage points compared to women.