The cruise ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people

September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 94 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
48 BC – Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.
235 – Pope Pontian resigns. He and Hippolytus, church leader of Rome, are exiled to the mines of Sardinia.
351 – Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.
365 – Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
935 – Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslaus I of Bohemia.
995 – Members of Slavník’s dynasty – Spytimír, Pobraslav, Pořej and Čáslav are murdered by Boleslaus’s son, Boleslaus II the Pious.
1066 – William the Conqueror invades England beginning the Norman conquest of England.
1106 – The Battle of Tinchebray – Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.
1238 – Muslim Valencia surrenders to the besieging King James I of Aragon the Conqueror.
1322 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.
1448 – Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
1538 – Ottoman–Venetian War: The Ottoman Navy scores a decisive victory over a Holy League fleet in the Battle of Preveza.
1542 – Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives at what is now San Diego, California, United States.
1779 – American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
1781 – American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.
1787 – The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the state legislatures for approval.
1791 – France becomes the first country to emancipate its Jewish population.
1844 – Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
1867 – Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.
1868 – Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
1871 – Brazilian Parliament passes the Law of the Free Womb, granting freedom to all new children born to slaves, the first major step in the eradication of slavery in Brazil.
1885 – Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
1889 – The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice.
1892 – The first night game for American football takes place in a contest between Wyoming Seminary and Mansfield State Normal.
1901 – Philippine–American War: Filipino guerrillas kill more than forty American soldiers while losing 28 of their own, in a surprise attack in the town of Balangiga on Samar Island.
1912 – The Ulster Covenant is signed by half a million Ulster Protestants in opposition to the Third Irish Home Rule Bill.
1912 – Corporal Frank S. Scott of the United States Army becomes the first enlisted man to die in an airplane crash. He and pilot Lt. Lewis C. Rockwell are killed in the crash of an Army Wright Model B at College Park, Maryland.
1918 – World War I: The Fifth Battle of Ypres begins.
1919 – Race riots begin in Omaha, Nebraska, US.
1924 – First round-the-world flight completed.
1928 – The U.K. Parliament passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
1928 – Sir Alexander Fleming notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory, discovering what later became known as penicillin.
1939 – Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
1939 – Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.
1941 – The Drama Uprising against the Bulgarian occupation in northern Greece begins.
1944 – Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
1950 – Indonesia joins the United Nations.
1951 – CBS makes the first color televisions available for sale to the general public, but the product is discontinued less than a month later.
1958 – France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.
1960 – Mali and Senegal join the United Nations.
1961 – A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.
1962 – The Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.
1963 – Whaam!, now considered Roy Lichtenstein’s most important work, debuted at an exhibition held at the Leo Castelli Gallery that lasted until at October 24.
1970 – Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser dies of a heart attack in Cairo. Anwar Sadat is named as Nasser’s temporary successor, and will later become the permanent successor.
1971 – The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
1972 – Paul Henderson scores the series-winning goal for Canada in the final minute of the final game of the ice hockey Summit Series between Canada and the Soviet Union.
1973 – The ITT Building in New York City is bombed in protest at ITT’s alleged involvement in the September 11, 1973 coup d’état in Chile.
1975 – The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people are taken hostage, takes place in London.
1994 – The cruise ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.
1995 – Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.
1995 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat sign the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
1996 – Former president of Afghanistan Mohammad Najibullah is tortured and brutally murdered by the Taliban.
2000 – Al-Aqsa Intifada: Ariel Sharon visits Al-Aqsa Mosque known to Jews as the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
2006 – Suvarnabhumi Airport opens in Amphoe Bang Phli, Samut Prakan Province from Don Mueang International Airport after the older airport ceased international commercial flights.
2008 – SpaceX launches the first private spacecraft, the Falcon 1 into orbit.
2009 – The military junta leading Guinea, headed by Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, raped, killed, and wounded protesters during a protest rally in a stadium called Stade du 28 Septembre.
2012 – Somali and African Union forces launch a coordinated assault on the Somali port city of Kismayo to take back the city from al-Shabaab militants.
2012 – A Dornier Do 228 light aircraft crashes on the outskirts of the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu, killing 19 people.
2014 – Hong Kong protests : Benny Tai announces that Occupy Central is launched as Hong Kong’s government headquarters is being occupied by thousands of protesters. Hong Kong police resort to tear gas to disperse protesters but thousands remain.

Births
616 – Javanshir, Albanian king (d. 680)
1494 – Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet and playwright (d. 1545)
1605 – Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1694)
1667 – Asano Naganori, Japanese daimyo (d. 1701)
1681 – Johann Mattheson, German composer, lexicographer, and diplomat (d. 1764)
1705 – Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (d. 1774)
1705 – Johann Peter Kellner, German organist and composer (d. 1772)
1735 – Augustus Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, English academic and politician (d. 1811)
1746 – William Jones, English-Welsh philologist and scholar (d. 1794)
1765 – Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (d. 1814)
1803 – Prosper Mérimée, French archaeologist, historian, and author (d. 1870)
1809 – Alvan Wentworth Chapman, American physician and botanist (d. 1899)
1819 – Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol, Catalan engineer (d. 1885)
1821 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American minister and politician (d. 1874)
1823 – Alexandre Cabanel, French painter and educator (d. 1889)
1824 – Francis Turner Palgrave, English poet and critic (d. 1897)
1836 – Thomas Crapper, English plumber, invented the ballcock (d. 1910)
1841 – Georges Clemenceau, French journalist, physician, and politician, 85th Prime Minister of France (d. 1929)
1852 – Henri Moissan, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
1852 – Isis Pogson, British astronomer and meteorologist (d. 1945)
1856 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, American author and educator (d. 1923)
1860 – Paul Ulrich Villard, French chemist and physicist (d. 1934)
1861 – Amélie of Orléans (d. 1951)
1867 – Hiranuma Kiichirō, Japanese politician, 35th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1952)
1877 – Walter Thijssen, Dutch rower (d. 1943)
1877 – Albert Young, American boxer and promoter (d. 1940)
1878 – Joseph Ruddy, American swimmer and water polo player (d. 1962)
1870 – Florent Schmitt, French composer (d. 1958)
1881 – Pedro de Cordoba, American actor (d. 1950)
1882 – Mart Saar, Estonian organist and composer (d. 1963)
1885 – Emil Väre, Finnish wrestler (d. 1974)
1887 – Avery Brundage, American businessman, 5th President of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1975)
1889 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player and coach (d. 1973)
1891 – Myrtle Gonzalez, American actress (d. 1918)
1893 – Giannis Skarimpas, Greek author, poet, and playwright (d. 1984)
1898 – Carl Clauberg, German physician (d. 1957)
1899 – Alice de Janzé, American-Kenyan heiress (d. 1941)
1900 – Joe Falcon, American accordion player (d. 1965)
1901 – William S. Paley, American broadcaster, founded CBS (d. 1990)
1901 – Ed Sullivan, American television host (d. 1974)
1903 – Haywood S. Hansell, American general (d. 1988)
1905 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005)
1907 – Heikki Savolainen, Finnish gymnast and physician (d. 1997)
1907 – Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (d. 1931)
1909 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979)
1910 – Diosdado Macapagal, Filipino lawyer and politician, 9th President of the Philippines (d. 1997)
1910 – Wenceslao Vinzons, Filipino lawyer and politician (d. 1942)
1913 – Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss illustrator (d. 2007)
1914 – Maria Franziska von Trapp, Austrian-American singer (d. 2014)
1916 – Peter Finch, English-Australian actor (d. 1977)
1916 – Olga Lepeshinskaya, Ukrainian-Russian ballerina and educator (d. 2008)
1918 – Ángel Labruna, Argentinian footballer and manager (d. 1983)
1918 – Arnold Stang, American actor and singer (d. 2009)
1919 – Doris Singleton, American actress and singer (d. 2012)
1923 – Tuli Kupferberg, American singer, poet, and author (The Fugs) (d. 2010)
1923 – John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, Scottish captain and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Selkirkshire (d. 2007)
1923 – William Windom, American actor (d. 2012)
1924 – Rudolf Barshai, Russian-Swiss viola player and conductor (d. 2010)
1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian-French actor and singer (d. 1996)
1925 – Seymour Cray, American computer scientist, founded the CRAY Computer Company (d. 1996)
1925 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (d. 1991)
1925 – Frank Latimore, American actor (d. 1998)
1926 – Jerry Clower, American soldier, comedian, and author (d. 1998)
1928 – Koko Taylor, American singer and actress (d. 2009)
1929 – Lata Mangeshkar, Indian singer-songwriter
1930 – Immanuel Wallerstein, American sociologist, author, and academic
1932 – Jeremy Isaacs, Scottish screenwriter and producer
1932 – Víctor Jara, Chilean singer-songwriter, poet, and director (d. 1973)
1933 – Joe Benton, English politician
1933 – Miguel Ortiz Berrocal, Spanish sculptor (d. 2006)
1933 – Johnny “Country” Mathis, American singer-songwriter (Jimmy & Johnny) (d. 2011)
1934 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress and singer
1934 – Janet Munro, English actress and singer (d. 1972)
1935 – Bruce Crampton, Australian golfer
1935 – David Hannay, Baron Hannay of Chiswick, English diplomat, Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the United Nations
1935 – Ronald Lacey, English actor (d. 1991)
1935 – Heather Sears, English actress (d. 1994)
1936 – Emmett Chapman, American guitarist, invented the Chapman Stick
1937 – Alice Mahon, English politician
1937 – Rod Roddy, American game show announcer (d. 2003)
1938 – Ben E. King, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Drifters) (d. 2015)
1939 – Elbridge Bryant, American singer and dancer (The Temptations) (d. 1975)
1939 – Stuart Kauffman, American biologist and academic
1939 – Rudolph Walker, Trinidadian-English actor
1941 – Edmund Stoiber, German politician, Minister President of Bavaria
1941 – David Lewis, American philosopher
1942 – Marshall Bell, American actor
1942 – Pierre Clémenti, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1999)
1942 – Tim Maia, Brazilian singer-songwriter (d. 1998)
1942 – Edward “Little Buster” Forehand, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
1943 – Warren Lieberfarb, American businessman
1943 – Nick St. Nicholas, German-Canadian bass player (Steppenwolf, The Mynah Birds, The Sparrows, Blue Cheer, and World Classic Rockers)
1943 – Win Percy, English race car driver
1943 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
1944 – Matthew Cowles, American actor and playwright (d. 2014)
1944 – Marcia Muller, American author
1945 – Marielle Goitschel, French skier
1945 – Manolis Rasoulis, Greek singer-songwriter and journalist (d. 2011)
1945 – Fusako Shigenobu, Japanese activist, founded the Japanese Red Army
1946 – Tom Bower, English journalist and author
1946 – Peter Egan, English actor
1946 – Jeffrey Jones, American actor
1946 – Helen Shapiro, English singer and actress
1947 – Bob Carr, Australian journalist and politician, 37th Minister of Foreign Affairs for Australia
1947 – Sheikh Hasina, Bangladeshi politician, 10th Prime Minister of Bangladesh
1947 – Jon Snow, English journalist
1948 – Panagiotis Adraktas, Greek politician
1949 – Jim Henshaw, Canadian actor, screenwriter, and producer
1950 – Paul Burgess, English drummer (10cc, Jethro Tull, Camel, Magna Carta, and The Icicle Works)
1950 – Laurie Lewis, American singer and fiddler
1950 – John Sayles, American actor, director, and screenwriter
1951 – Norton Buffalo, American singer-songwriter, harmonica player, producer, and actor (Steve Miller Band) (d. 2009)
1952 – Efthimis Kioumourtzoglou, Greek basketball player and coach
1952 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch model, actress, and singer (d. 2012)
1952 – Andy Ward, English drummer (Camel)
1953 – Otmar Hasler, Liechtensteiner politician, 11th Prime Minister of Liechtenstein
1954 – Steve Largent, American football player and politician
1954 – George Lynch, American guitarist and songwriter (Dokken, Lynch Mob, Souls of We, and Tooth and Nail)
1954 – Margot Wallström, Swedish politician and diplomat, 42nd Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs
1955 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian sociologist and politician, 15th Canadian Minister of the Environment
1955 – Kenny Kirkland, American pianist (d. 1998)
1957 – C. J. Chenier, American singer-songwriter and accordion player
1957 – Andrus Rõuk, Estonian painter and poet
1959 – Ron Fellows, Canadian race car driver
1959 – Steve Hytner, American actor
1959 – Dantes Tsitsi, Nauruan politician
1960 – Frank Hammerschlag, German footballer and manager
1960 – Kamlesh Patel, Baron Patel of Bradford, English politician
1960 – Jennifer Rush, American singer-songwriter
1960 – Socrates B. Villegas, Filipino archbishop
1961 – Helen Grant, English lawyer and politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics
1961 – Gregory Jbara, American actor and singer
1961 – Quentin Kawānanakoa, American politician
1962 – Grant Fuhr, Canadian ice hockey player
1962 – Dietmar Schacht, German footballer and manager
1962 – Chuck Taylor, American journalist
1963 – Steve Blackman, American wrestler
1963 – Érik Comas, French race car driver
1963 – Greg Weisman, American voice actor, producer, and screenwriter
1964 – Claudio Borghi, Argentinian footballer and manager
1964 – Laura Cerón, Mexican-American actress
1964 – Gregor Fisken, Scottish race car driver
1964 – Janeane Garofalo, American comedian, actress, producer, and screenwriter
1964 – Paul Jewell, English footballer and manager
1964 – Mārtiņš Roze, Latvian politician (d. 2012)
1965 – Jens Melzig, German footballer
1965 – Christopher Evan Welch, American actor (d. 2013)
1966 – Scott Adams, American football player (d. 2013)
1966 – María Canals Barrera, American actress and singer
1966 – Ginger Fish, American drummer (Marilyn Manson)
1966 – Puri Jagannadh, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter
1966 – Leilani Sarelle, American actress
1967 – Mira Sorvino, American actress and producer
1967 – Moon Zappa, American actress and singer
1968 – Francois Botha, South African boxer and mixed martial artist
1968 – Mika Häkkinen, Finnish race car driver
1968 – Trish Keenan, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2011)
1968 – Rob Moroso, American race car driver (d. 1990)
1968 – Naomi Watts, English-Australian actress and producer
1969 – Manuel Benitez, American actor (d. 2008)
1969 – Marcel Dost, Dutch decathlete
1969 – Ben Greenman, American journalist and author
1969 – Éric Lapointe, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
1969 – Sascha Maassen, German race car driver
1969 – Masafumi Ōura, Japanese volleyball player and coach (d. 2013)
1969 – Nico Vaesen, Belgian footballer
1969 – Minayo Watanabe, Japanese idol and singer (Onyanko Club)
1970 – Kimiko Date-Krumm, Japanese tennis player
1970 – Mike DeJean, American baseball player
1970 – Yūji Kishi, Japanese actor and voice actor
1970 – Gualter Salles, Brazilian race car driver
1971 – Joseph Arthur, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Lonely Astronauts, Fistful of Mercy, and RNDM)
1971 – A. J. Croce, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1971 – George Eustice, English politician
1971 – Alan Wright, English footballer and manager
1972 – John Light, English actor
1972 – Dita Von Teese, American dancer, model, and actress
1973 – Jori Hulkkonen, Finnish DJ and producer
1973 – Brian Rafalski, American ice hockey player
1974 – Marco Di Loreto, Italian footballer and manager
1974 – Mariya Kiselyova, Russian swimmer
1974 – Joonas Kolkka, Finnish footballer and coach
1974 – Shane Webcke, Australian rugby league player and coach
1975 – Stuart Clark, Australian cricketer and manager
1975 – Isamu Jordan, American journalist and academic (d. 2013)
1975 – Lenny Krayzelburg, American swimmer
1976 – Ali Asel, Kuwaiti footballer
1976 – Fedor Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial artist and politician
1977 – Ireneusz Marcinkowski, Polish footballer
1977 – Se-Ri Pak, South Korean golfer
1977 – Young Jeezy, American rapper (Boyz n da Hood, United Streets Dopeboyz of America)
1978 – Bushido, German rapper and producer
1979 – Bam Margera, American skateboarder, actor, and stuntman
1979 – Taki Tsan, American-Greek rapper and producer (Zontanoi Nekroi)
1980 – Marlon Parmer, American basketball player
1981 – Greg Anderson, American pianist and composer
1981 – José Calderón, Spanish basketball player
1981 – Melissa Claire Egan, American actress
1981 – Gül Gölge, Turkish model and actress
1981 – Jorge Guagua, Ecuadorian footballer
1981 – Iracema Trevisan, Brazilian bass player (CSS)
1982 – Aleksandr Anyukov, Russian footballer
1982 – Abhinav Bindra, Indian target shooter
1982 – Ray Emery, Canadian ice hockey player
1982 – Kazue Fukiishi, Japanese actress
1982 – Ranbir Kapoor, Indian actor and director
1982 – Nolwenn Leroy, French singer-songwriter
1982 – Emeka Okafor, American basketball player
1982 – Dustin Penner, Canadian ice hockey player
1982 – Aivar Rehemaa, Estonian skier
1982 – St. Vincent, American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (The Polyphonic Spree)
1982 – Anderson Varejão, Brazilian basketball player
1983 – Brooke Banner, American porn actress
1983 – Stefan Moore, English footballer
1983 – John Schwalger, New Zealand rugby player
1984 – Luke Pomersbach, Australian cricketer
1984 – Naim Terbunja, Kosovan-Swedish boxer
1984 – Melody Thornton, American singer-songwriter and dancer (Pussycat Dolls)
1984 – Mathieu Valbuena, French footballer
1984 – Ryan Zimmerman, American baseball player
1985 – Shindong, South Korean singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (Super Junior)
1985 – Alina Ibragimova, Russian-English violinist
1986 – Andrés Guardado, Mexican footballer
1986 – Meskerem Legesse, Ethiopian runner (d. 2013)
1987 – Pierre Becken, German footballer
1987 – Gary Deegan, Irish footballer
1987 – Hilary Duff, American singer-songwriter and actress
1987 – Chloë Hanslip, English violinist
1987 – Viktoria Leks, Estonian high jumper
1988 – Marin Čilić, Croatian tennis player
1988 – Esmée Denters, Dutch singer-songwriter
1988 – Aleks Vrteski, Australian footballer
1989 – Mark Randall, English footballer
1990 – Kirsten Prout, Canadian actress
1990 – Phoenix Battye, Australian rugby player
1992 – Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress (d. 2014)
1992 – Adam Thompson, English-Irish footballer
1992 – Koko Tsurumi, Japanese gymnast
1993 – Jodie Williams, English sprinter
1995 – Jason Williams, English footballer
2000 – Frankie Jonas, American actor

Deaths
935 – Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 907)
1197 – Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1165)
1213 – Gertrude of Merania (b. 1185)
1429 – Cymburgis of Masovia (b. 1394)
1582 – George Buchanan, Scottish historian and scholar (b. 1506)
1596 – Margaret Stanley, Countess of Derby (b. 1540)
1618 – Joshua Sylvester, English poet and translator (b. 1563)
1687 – Francis Turretin, Swiss-Italian theologian and academic (b. 1623)
1694 – Gabriel Mouton, French mathematician and theologian (b. 1618)
1702 – Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, French-English politician, Lord President of the Council (b. 1640)
1742 – Jean Baptiste Massillon, French bishop (b. 1663)
1829 – Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and politician (b. 1771)
1844 – Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and politician (b. 1769)
1873 – Émile Gaboriau, French journalist and author (b. 1832)
1891 – Herman Melville, American author and poet (b. 1819)
1895 – Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist (b. 1822)
1914 – Richard Warren Sears, American businessman, co-founded Sears (b. 1863)
1915 – Saitō Hajime, Japanese samurai (b. 1844)
1918 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
1918 – Freddie Stowers, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1896)
1935 – William Kennedy Dickson, French-Scottish actor, director, and producer, invented the Kinetoscope (b. 1860)
1938 – Charles Duryea, American engineer and businessman, founded the Duryea Motor Wagon Company (b. 1861)
1943 – Sam Ruben, American chemist and academic (b. 1913)
1949 – Archbishop Chrysanthus of Athens (b. 1881)
1953 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer and scholar (b. 1889)
1956 – William Boeing, American businessman, founded the Boeing Company (b. 1881)
1957 – Luis Cluzeau Mortet, Uruguayan violinist and composer (b. 1888)
1959 – Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (b. 1901)
1962 – Roger Nimier, French soldier and author (b. 1925)
1964 – Harpo Marx, American comedian, actor, and singer (b. 1888)
1966 – André Breton, French author and poet (b. 1896)
1970 – John Dos Passos, American author and painter (b. 1896)
1970 – Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egyptian colonel and politician, 2nd President of Egypt (b. 1918)
1972 – Rory Storm, English singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
1978 – Pope John Paul I (b. 1912)
1979 – John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist and engineer (b. 1921)
1981 – Rómulo Betancourt, Venezuelan journalist and politician, President of Venezuela (b. 1908)
1982 – Mabel Albertson, American actress (b. 1901)
1989 – Ferdinand Marcos, Filipino lawyer and politician, 10th President of the Philippines (b. 1917)
1990 – Larry O’Brien, American businessman and politician, 57th United States Postmaster General (b. 1917)
1991 – Miles Davis, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (Miles Davis Quintet) (b. 1926)
1993 – Peter De Vries, American journalist and author (b. 1910)
1993 – Alexander A. Drabik, American sergeant (b. 1910)
1994 – Urmas Alender, Estonian singer (Propeller and Ruja) (b. 1953)
1994 – José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Mexican lawyer and politician, 6th Governor of Guerrero (b. 1946)
1994 – Harry Saltzman, Canadian production manager and producer (b. 1915)
1999 – Escott Reid, Canadian diplomat, academic, and author (b. 1905)
2000 – Pierre Trudeau, Canadian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1919)
2001 – Irene von Meyendorff, German-English actress (b. 1916)
2002 – Patsy Mink, American lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
2002 – Hartland Molson, Canadian captain and politician (b. 1907)
2003 – Althea Gibson, American tennis player and golfer (b. 1927)
2003 – Elia Kazan, Turkish-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1909)
2003 – George Odlum, Saint Lucian politician and diplomat (b. 1934)
2004 – Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (b. 1924)
2004 – Scott Muni, American radio host (b. 1930)
2005 – Constance Baker Motley, American lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1921)
2007 – René Desmaison, French mountaineer (b. 1930)
2007 – Wally Parks, American businessman, founded the National Hot Rod Association (b. 1913)
2009 – Guillermo Endara, Panamanian lawyer and politician, 32nd President of Panama (b. 1936)
2009 – Ulf Larsson, Swedish actor and director (b. 1956)
2010 – Kurt Albert, German mountaineer and photographer (b. 1954)
2010 – Arthur Penn, American director and producer (b. 1922)
2010 – Dolores Wilson, American soprano and actress (b. 1928)
2012 – Avraham Adan, Israeli general (b. 1926)
2012 – Larry Cunningham, Irish singer (b. 1938)
2012 – Chris Economaki, American journalist and sportscaster (b. 1920)
2012 – Brajesh Mishra, Indian politician and diplomat, 1st Indian National Security Advisor (b. 1928)
2012 – Michael O’Hare, American actor (b. 1952)
2012 – Ahmed Ramzy, Egyptian actor (b. 1930)
2013 – James Emanuel, American-French poet and scholar (b. 1921)
2013 – Jonathan Fellows-Smith, South African cricketer and rugby player (b. 1932)
2013 – Anatoli Parov, Russian footballer (b. 1956)
2013 – Walter Schmidinger, Austrian actor (b. 1933)
2013 – B. B. Watson, American singer (b. 1953)
2013 – George Amon Webster, American singer and pianist (Cathedral Quartet) (b. 1945)
2014 – Dannie Abse, Welsh physician, poet, and author (b. 1923)
2014 – Joseph H. Alexander, American colonel and historian (b. 1938)
2014 – Sheila Faith, English dentist and politician (b. 1928)
2014 – Tim Rawlings, English footballer and manager (b. 1932)
2014 – Petr Skoumal, Czech pianist and composer (b. 1938)

Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Aaron of Auxerre
Annemund
Conval
Eustochium
Exuperius
Faustus of Riez
Leoba
Lorenzo Ruiz
Paternus of Auch
Richard Rolle, Walter Hilton and Margery Kempe (Episcopal Church (USA))
Simón de Rojas
Wenceslas
September 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics).
Czech Statehood Day (Czech Republic)
International Right to Know Day
National Day of Awareness and Unity against Child Pornography (Philippines)
Teachers’ Day (Taiwan and Chinese-Filipino schools in the Philippines), ceremonies dedicated to Confucius are also observed.
World Heart Day (World Heart Federation)
World Rabies Day (International)
Ask a Stupid Question Day (United States)
Freedom from Hunger Day
National Good Neighbor Day (United States)