Patricia became the most powerful tropical cyclone ever measured in the Western Hemisphere hits Mexico’s Pacific coast
Patricia became the most powerful tropical cyclone ever measured in the Western Hemisphere as its maximum sustained winds reached an unprecedented 200 mph (320 kph) and its central pressure fell to 879 millibars (25.96 inches of mercury).
Patricia landed about 55 miles west-northwest of Manzanillo, home to the largest container port on Mexico’s Pacific seaboard.
What was the biggest hurricane in the world?
The Great Galveston Hurricane of 1900 was the deadliest hurricane to ever hit the United States and caused between 8000 and 12000 deaths. The storm reached the Texas coast south of Galveston on September 8 as a Category 4 hurricane with a storm surge of 8 to 15 feet.
What was the highest wind speed ever recorded?
The fastest wind speed not related to tornadoes ever recorded was during the passage of Tropical Cyclone Olivia on 10 April 1996: an automatic weather station on Barrow Island, Australia, registered a maximum wind gust of 408 km/h (220 kn; 253 mph; 113 m/s).
What state has been hit by the most hurricanes?
A total of 289 Atlantic tropical cyclones have produced hurricane-force winds in every state along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, as well as Pennsylvania. Florida was affected by 116 hurricanes, which was more than any other state; Texas ranked second.
biggest storms in recorded history:
1. Typhoon Tip – 1979
Typhoon Tip developed near Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. With a low-pressure centre of 870 hPa and a diameter of 2,200 km. Tip broke records in both size and intensity. On 12 October it reached screaming wind speeds of 305 km/h, but by the time it made landfall, a week later on the Japanese island of Honshu, its winds had slowed to 130 km/h. Tip caused a huge amount of damage; rainfall led to 600 mudslides in Japan, destroying 22,000 homes and killing a total of 86 people.
2. Super Typhoon Nora – 1973
Typhoon Nora began to develop east of the Philippines on 1 October. It swelled gradually over four days, eventually reaching speeds of 298 km/h. Its central pressure of 877 hPa was the lowest ever recorded at the time. Nora made landfall on the Philippines’ island of Luzon six days later. When it arrived in southeast China on 10 October it had weakened to a minimal typhoon. Nevertheless Nora killed 18 people and caused $2 million worth of damage.
3. Super Typhoon June – 1975
Thankfully, Typhoon June never made it to land and remained in the Pacific Ocean. However, at the time it was the strongest typhoon recorded, reaching winds of 297 km/hour. It was also the first typhoon on record to have triple eyewalls – three concentric circles of thunderstorm around the eye of the storm.
4. Super Typhoon Ida – 1958
Ida was spawned in the central Western Pacific Ocean on 20 September. It intensified three days later reaching peak winds of 321 km/h. Ida’s winds decreased to 129 km/h when it made landfall on the Japanese Island of Honshu. The typhoon led to torrential rain in south-eastern Japan obliterating two small villages. As a result of the rain, and 1,900 mudslides, 888 people died.
5. Super Typhoon Kit – 1966
Typhoon Kit formed in the Pacific Ocean on 25 June. Unconfirmed reports indicate that its winds reached 313 km/h, but the technology to measure these speeds was still in its infancy. Typhoon Kit passed Honshu on 28 June, killing 64 people.
6. Super Typhoon Rita – 1978
Super Typhoon Rita developed on 15 October, but only reached Category 5 status eight days later. Its pressure of 878 hPa was only 8 hPa less intense than the lowest pressure ever recorded, and Rita sustained this intensity for three days. By the time the vast typhoon made landfall in the Philippines, it had weakened to a Category 4. The death toll and resulting damage from the disaster is poorly recorded.
7. Super Typhoon Vanessa – 1984
Vanessa made landfall in Guam, a U.S. Territory in the Western Pacific, with wind speeds of 109 km/h. However, the typhoon continued to grow as it moved over the ocean – eventually reaching sustained wind speeds of 298 km/h. Typhoon Vanessa caused $1.7 million damage in Guam, mainly to the banana crop.
8. Hurricane Wilma – 2005
Huuricane Katrina was one of the most costly, damaging and deadly hurricanes the US has ever seen, but it was Hurricane Wilma – the fourth Category-5 hurricane of the 2005 season – that was most intense to ever be recorded in the Atlantic Basin. It formed in the Caribbean Sea in October and strengthened as it moved southwest. It reached winds of 296 km/h and a low pressure of 885 hPa. Wilma made first landfall on the Mexican island of Cozumel and continued through to the mainland. It hit land again several times through its journey causing the most damage in Florida, Mexico and Cuba. The hurricane killed 62 people and led to destruction in excess of $29 billion.
9. Super Typhoon Joan – 1959
Super Typhoon Joan originated in the Western Pacific. On August 28 it reached peak winds of 314 km/h; however, this is speculative due to the limited technology available at the time. The next day Joan struck Taiwan with winds of 298 km/ h, and meandered across the Formosa Strait before disintegrating in China. Joan caused heavy flooding, destroyed 3,308 houses and killed 14 people.
10. Super Typhoon Irma – 1971
Super Typhoon Irma never made landfall and remained in the Western Pacific Ocean. It reached a peak intensity of 290 km an hour on November 11. In 1971 the typhoon was the fastest to intensify. Its pressure dropped from 981 hPa to 884 hPa in just one day.
Categorisation of Storms
The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale categorizes storms based on their sustained wind speed and estimates property damage.
• Category 1: 74 to 95 mph, they can lead to some damage
• Category 2: 96 to 110 mph, they can cause extensive damage.
• Category 3: 111 to 129 mph, they can lead huge damage
• Category 4: 130 to 156 mph, they can cause catastrophic damage
• Category 5: 157 mph and higher, they can cause catastrophic damage
Pattern of naming storms that can graduate to hurricanes
The process of naming storms started in 1953 and since then it has continued. Name of storms are kept in alphabetical order in which letters Q, U, X, Y and Z has been omitted. The international committee of World Meteorological Organization (WMO), an agency of the United Nations, is the in-charge that names the Atlantic tropical storms that sometimes become hurricanes. Whereas, the lists originated by the National Hurricane Center.
The process of naming the storms consider six years of lists and the list is reused every six years (2008 list is being used in 2014). Earlier, the name list featured only women’s names but in 1979 the list was updated and saw men’s names also. These names are alternate with the women’s names.