Nearly 5,000 people die on the main Japanese island of Honshū as the result of a typhoon

September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 95 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
1066 – William the Conqueror and his army set sail from the mouth of the River Somme, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
1331 – The Battle of Płowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order is fought.
1422 – After the brief Gollub War the Teutonic Knights sign the Treaty of Melno with the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania
1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins when Suleiman I attacks the city.
1540 – The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) receives its charter from Pope Paul III.
1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
1605 – The armies of Sweden are defeated by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
1669 – The Venetians surrender the fortress of Candia to the Ottomans, thus ending the 21-year-long Siege of Candia.
1777 – Lancaster, Pennsylvania is the capital of the United States, for one day.
1821 – Mexico gains its independence from Spain.
1822 – Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone.
1825 – The world’s first public railway to use steam locomotives, the Stockton and Darlington Railway, is ceremonially opened.
1854 – The steamship SS Arctic sinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.
1875 – The merchant sailing ship Ellen Southard is wrecked in a storm at Liverpool; the United States Congress subsequently awards 27 gold Lifesaving Medals to the lifeboat men who went to rescue her crew.
1903 – Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
1905 – The physics journal Annalen der Physik received Albert Einstein’s paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, introducing the equation E=mc².
1908 – The first production of the Ford Model T automobile was built at the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan.
1916 – Iyasu V is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favor of his aunt Zewditu I.
1922 – King Constantine I of Greece abdicates his throne in favor of his eldest son, King George II.
1928 – The Republic of China is recognized by the United States.
1930 – Bobby Jones wins the U.S. Amateur Championship to complete the Grand Slam of golf. The old structure of the grand slam was the U.S. Open, British Open, U.S. Amateur, and British Amateur.
1937 – Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
1938 – Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched in Glasgow.
1940 – World War II: The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
1942 – Last day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps troops barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces near the Matanikau River.
1944 – The Kassel Mission results in the largest loss by a USAAF group on any mission in World War II.
1949 – The first Plenary Session of the National People’s Congress approves the design of the Flag of the People’s Republic of China.
1954 – The nationwide debut of Tonight Starring Steve Allen (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen on NBC.
1956 – USAF Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first man to exceed Mach 3 while flying the Bell X-2. Shortly thereafter, the craft goes out of control and Captain Apt is killed.
1959 – Nearly 5,000 people die on the main Japanese island of Honshū as the result of a typhoon.
1961 – Sierra Leone joins the United Nations.
1962 – The Yemen Arab Republic is established.
1964 – The British TSR-2 aircraft XR219 makes its maiden flight from Boscombe Down in Wiltshire.
1968 – The stage musical Hair opens at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, where it played 1,998 performances until its closure was forced by the roof collapsing in July 1973.
1975 – The last use of capital punishment in Spain sees the executions of five members of militant organisations, sparking worldwide protests against the Spanish government and the withdrawal of numerous ambassadors.
1977 – A U.S. Navy McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II crashes into a residential neighborhood in Yokohama, Japan, killing two children on the ground and injuring seven other people.
1979 – The United States Department of Education receives final approval from the U.S. Congress to become the 13th US Cabinet agency.
1983 – Richard Stallman announces the GNU project to develop a free Unix-like operating system.
1988 – National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.
1993 – The Sukhumi massacre takes place in Abkhazia.
1996 – In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
1996 – The Julie N. tanker ship crashes into the Million Dollar Bridge in Portland, Maine spilling thousands of gallons of oil.
1997 – Communications are suddenly lost with the Mars Pathfinder space probe.
1998 – The Google internet search engine retrospectively claims this as its birthday.
2000 – The first Olympic Gold Medal ever for Tae Kwon Do was won by Greek athlete Michalis Mouroutsos in men’s -58 kg division in Sydney.
2001 – Zug massacre: In Zug, Switzerland, Friedrich Leibacher shoots 18 citizens, killing 14 and then himself.
2002 – Timor-Leste joins the United Nations.
2003 – Smart 1 satellite is launched.
2005 – After 162 episodes, Tom and Jerry airs its final episode titled, The Karate Guard.
2007 – NASA launches the Dawn probe.
2008 – CNSA astronaut Zhai Zhigang becomes the first Chinese person to perform a spacewalk while flying on Shenzhou 7.
2012 – A mass shooting takes place at Accent Signage Systems, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, killing 6 people, including the gunman who committed suicide, and wounding 2 others.

Births
808 – Emperor Ninmyō of Japan (d. 850)
823 – Ermentrude of Orléans, Frankish queen (d. 869)
1271 – Wenceslaus II, Bohemian king (d. 1305)
1275 – John II, Duke of Brabant (d. 1312)
1389 – Cosimo de’ Medici, Italian ruler (d. 1464)
1544 – Takenaka Shigeharu, Japanese samurai (d. 1579)
1601 – Louis XIII of France (d. 1643)
1627 – Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, French bishop and theologian (d. 1704)
1643 – Solomon Stoddard, American pastor (d. 1729)
1657 – Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia (d. 1704)
1677 – Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1754)
1696 – Alphonsus Maria de’ Liguori, Italian bishop and saint (d. 1787)
1719 – Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician and epigrammatist (d. 1800)
1722 – Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1803)
1729 – Michael Denis, Austrian lepidopterist, author, and poet (d. 1800)
1739 – Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock, Irish politician (d. 1767)
1765 – Antoine Philippe de La Trémoille, French general (d. 1794)
1772 – Martha Jefferson Randolph, American wife of Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr. (d. 1836)
1803 – Samuel Francis Du Pont, American admiral (d. 1865)
1805 – George Müller, German-English evangelist and missionary, founded the Ashley Down Orphanage (d. 1898)
1818 – Hermann Kolbe, German chemist and academic (d. 1884)
1821 – Henri-Frédéric Amiel, Swiss philosopher, poet, and critic (d. 1881)
1824 – William “Bull” Nelson, American general (d. 1862)
1830 – William Babcock Hazen, American general (d. 1887)
1838 – Lawrence Sullivan Ross, American general and politician, 19th Governor of Texas (d. 1898)
1840 – Alfred Thayer Mahan, American captain and historian (d. 1914)
1840 – Thomas Nast, German-American cartoonist (d. 1902)
1842 – Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist and petrographer (d. 1903)
1843 – Gaston Tarry, French mathematician and academic (d. 1913)
1861 – Corinne Roosevelt Robinson, American poet and author (d. 1933)
1864 – Andrej Hlinka, Slovak priest and politician (d. 1938)
1866 – Eurosia Fabris, Italian saint (d. 1932)
1871 – Grazia Deledda, Italian author and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
1871 – George Ducker, Canadian soccer player (d. 1952)
1879 – Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (d. 1934)
1879 – Frederick Schule, American hurdler and coach (d. 1962)
1879 – Cyril Scott, English poet and composer (d. 1970)
1885 – Harry Blackstone, Sr., American magician (d. 1965)
1885 – Charles Benjamin Howard, Canadian businessman and politician (d. 1964)
1894 – Olive Tell, American actress and singer (d. 1951)
1894 – Lothar von Richthofen, German lieutenant and pilot (d. 1922)
1895 – Woolf Barnato, English race car driver and financier (d. 1948)
1896 – Gilbert Ashton, English cricketer (d. 1981)
1896 – Sam Ervin, American politician (d. 1985)
1898 – Vincent Youmans, American composer and producer (d. 1946)
1904 – Edvard Kocbek, Slovenian poet and politician (d. 1981)
1905 – Conrad Heidkamp, German footballer and manager (d. 1994)
1906 – William Empson, English poet and critic (d. 1984)
1906 – Jim Thompson, American author and screenwriter (d. 1977)
1906 – Sergei Varshavsky, Russian art collector and author (d. 1980)
1907 – Maurice Blanchot, French philosopher and theorist (d. 2003)
1907 – Bernard Miles, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
1911 – John Harvey, English actor (d. 1982)
1911 – Marcey Jacobson, American-Mexican photographer (d. 2009)
1913 – Albert Ellis, American psychologist and author (d. 2007)
1916 – S. Yizhar, Israeli academic and politician (d. 2006)
1917 – Louis Auchincloss, American lawyer, historian, and author (d. 2010)
1917 – Carl Ballantine, American magician and actor (d. 2009)
1917 – William T. Orr, American actor and producer (d. 2002)
1918 – Martin Ryle, English astronomer and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
1919 – Charles H. Percy, American lieutenant and politician (d. 2011)
1919 – James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1986)
1919 – Jayne Meadows, Chinese-American actress and author (d. 2015)
1920 – William Conrad, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1994)
1921 – Miklós Jancsó, Hungarian director and screenwriter (d. 2014)
1921 – Milton Subotsky, American screenwriter and producer, co-founded Amicus Productions (d. 1991)
1921 – Bernard Waber, American author and illustrator (d. 2013)
1922 – Sammy Benskin, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1992)
1922 – Arthur Penn, American director and producer (d. 2010)
1924 – Ernest Becker, American-Canadian anthropologist, author, and academic (d. 1974)
1924 – Bud Powell, American pianist (d. 1966)
1924 – Fred Singer, Austrian-American physicist and academic
1924 – Josef Škvorecký, Czech-Canadian author and publisher (d. 2012)
1925 – Robert Edwards, English physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
1925 – George Gladir, American author (d. 2013)
1927 – Chrysostomos I of Cyprus (d. 2007)
1927 – Red Rodney, American trumpet player (d. 1994)
1927 – Romano Scarpa, Italian author and illustrator (d. 2005)
1927 – Steve Stavro, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2006)
1927 – Sada Thompson, American actress (d. 2011)
1928 – Margaret Rule, English archaeologist and historian (d. 2015)
1929 – Calvin Jones, American pianist, composer, and educator (d. 2004)
1929 – Bruno Junk, Estonian race walker (d. 1995)
1929 – Barbara Murray, English actress (d. 2014)
1930 – Paul Reichmann, Austrian-Canadian businessman, founded Olympia and York (d. 2013)
1931 – Freddy Quinn, Austrian singer, guitarist, and actor
1932 – Geoff Bent, English footballer (d. 1958)
1932 – Roger C. Carmel, American actor (d. 1986)
1932 – Yash Chopra, Pakistani-Indian director and producer (d. 2012)
1932 – Michael Colvin, English politician (d. 2000)
1932 – Gabriel Loubier, Canadian politician
1932 – Oliver E. Williamson, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1933 – Rodney Cotterill, Danish-English physicist and neuroscientist (d. 2007)
1933 – Paul Goble, English-American author and illustrator
1933 – Greg Morris, American actor (d. 1996)
1933 – Will Sampson, American actor (d. 1987)
1934 – Wilford Brimley, American actor
1934 – Claude Jarman, Jr., American actor and producer
1934 – Dick Schaap, American sportscaster (d. 2001)
1935 – Al MacNeil, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1936 – Don Cornelius, American television host and producer, created Soul Train (d. 2012)
1936 – Gordon Honeycombe, English actor, playwright, and author
1937 – Vasyl Durdynets, Ukrainian politician and diplomat, 8th Prime Minister of Ukraine
1938 – Jean-Loup Dabadie, French journalist, songwriter, and screenwriter
1939 – Nicholas Haslam, English interior designer and author
1939 – Carol Lynn Pearson, American author, poet, and playwright
1939 – Kathy Whitworth, American golfer
1940 – Josephine Barstow, English soprano
1940 – Benoni Beheyt, Belgian cyclist
1941 – Peter Bonetti, English footballer and coach
1941 – Gay Kayler, Australian singer
1941 – Serge Ménard, Canadian lawyer and politician
1941 – Don Nix, American saxophonist, songwriter, and producer (The Mar-Keys)
1942 – Dith Pran, Cambodian photographer and journalist (d. 2008)
1942 – Alvin Stardust, English singer and actor (d. 2014)
1943 – Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta
1943 – Randy Bachman, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Guess Who, Ironhorse, Bachman–Turner Overdrive, Bachman & Turner, and Brave Belt)
1943 – Max Boyce, Welsh comedian and singer
1944 – Ian Garnett, English admiral
1944 – Angélica María, American-Mexican actress and singer-songwriter
1944 – Gary Sutherland, American baseball player
1945 – Jack Goldstein, Canadian-American painter (d. 2003)
1945 – Bob Spiers, Scottish-English director and producer (d. 2008)
1946 – Nicos Anastasiades, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 7th President of Cyprus
1946 – T. C. Cannon, American painter (d. 1978)
1946 – Robin Nedwell, English actor (d. 1999)
1947 – Barbara Dickson, Scottish singer-songwriter and actress
1947 – Denis Lawson, Scottish actor, director, and screenwriter
1947 – Meat Loaf, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
1947 – Liz Torres, American actress and singer
1948 – Tom Braidwood, Canadian actor, director, and producer
1948 – Les Chapman, English footballer and manager
1948 – Michele Dotrice, English actress
1948 – Duncan Fletcher, Rhodesian-Zimbabwean cricketer and coach
1948 – Robin Jackson, Irish soldier (d. 1998)
1948 – A Martinez, American actor and singer
1949 – Graham Richardson, Australian journalist and politician, 39th Australian Minister for Health
1949 – Mike Schmidt, American baseball player and coach
1949 – Jahn Teigen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1950 – Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Japanese-American actor and martial artist
1951 – Paul Craig, English academic and author
1951 – Anthony Laciura, American tenor and actor
1951 – Ren Osugi, Japanese actor
1951 – Michel Rivard, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Beau Dommage)
1951 – Jim Shooter, American author and illustrator
1951 – David Starobin, American guitarist, producer, and director
1951 – Steve Soper, English race car driver
1952 – Katie Fforde, English author
1952 – Dumitru Prunariu, Romanian pilot, engineer, and astronaut
1952 – André Viger, Canadian wheelchair racer (d. 2006)
1953 – Diane Abbott, English politician
1953 – Mata Amritanandamayi, Indian guru and saint
1953 – Claudio Gentile, Italian footballer and manager
1953 – Greg Ham, Australian keyboard player, saxophonist, songwriter, and actor (Men at Work) (d. 2012)
1954 – Ray Hadley, Australian radio and television host
1954 – Dmitry Sitkovetsky, Russian violinist and conductor
1954 – Larry Wall, American computer programmer and author
1955 – Richard Bucher, Swiss ice hockey player (d. 2012)
1956 – Steve Archibald, Scottish footballer and manager
1957 – Bill Athey, English cricketer, footballer, and coach
1957 – John Inverdale, English radio and television host
1957 – Peter Sellars, American actor, director, and screenwriter
1958 – Shaun Cassidy, American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter
1958 – Irvine Welsh, Scottish author and playwright
1959 – Beth Heiden, American speed skater
1960 – Jean-Marc Barr, German-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1960 – Christopher Cousins, American actor
1961 – Andy Lau, Hong Kong singer, actor, and producer
1962 – Kimberly Carson, American porn actress
1962 – Gavin Larsen, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster
1963 – Marc Maron, American comedian, actor, and radio host
1964 – Predrag Brzaković, Serbian footballer (d. 2012)
1964 – Tracy Camp, American computer scientist
1964 – Johnny du Plooy, South African boxer (d. 2013)
1964 – Stephan Jenkins, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Third Eye Blind)
1965 – Robert Baldwin, Canadian-Japanese actor
1965 – Ricky Fuji, Japanese wrestler
1965 – Steve Kerr, American basketball player and sportscaster
1965 – Bernard Lord, Canadian politician, 30th Premier of New Brunswick
1965 – Peter MacKay, Canadian lawyer and politician, 50th Canadian Minister of Justice
1965 – Alexis Stewart, American radio and television host
1966 – Don Jamieson, American comedian and television host
1966 – Uche Okechukwu, Nigerian footballer
1966 – Debbie Wasserman Schultz, American politician
1966 – Stephanie Wilson, American engineer and astronaut
1967 – Debi Derryberry, American voice actress
1968 – Mari Kiviniemi, Finnish politician, 41st Prime Minister of Finland
1968 – Patrick Muldoon, American actor, singer, and guitarist
1969 – Sofia Milos, Swiss-American actress
1970 – Yoshiharu Habu, Japanese chess player
1970 – Tamara Taylor, Canadian actress
1971 – Amanda Detmer, American actress
1971 – Agata Kulesza, Polish actress
1971 – Horacio Sandoval, Mexican illustrator
1971 – Li Yapeng, Chinese actor
1972 – Sylvia Crawley, American basketball player and coach
1972 – Lhasa de Sela, American-Canadian singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2010)
1972 – Clara Hughes, Canadian cyclist
1972 – Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress and singer
1972 – Craig L. Rice, American politician
1974 – Carrie Brownstein, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (Wild Flag and Sleater-Kinney)
1974 – Sascha Licht, German footballer
1975 – Thanos Petrelis, Greek singer
1976 – Matt Harding, American video game designer and dancer
1976 – Jason Phillips, American baseball player and coach
1976 – Francesco Totti, Italian footballer
1977 – Andrus Värnik, Estonian javelin thrower
1978 – Ani Lorak, Ukrainian singer-songwriter and actress
1978 – Jon Rauch, American baseball player
1978 – Mihaela Ursuleasa, Romanian pianist (d. 2012)
1979 – Jon Garland, American baseball player
1979 – La’Myia Good, American singer and actress (Isyss)
1979 – Zita Görög, Hungarian model and actress
1979 – Christian Jones, Australian race car driver
1979 – Steve Simpson, Australian rugby player
1980 – Asashōryū Akinori, Mongolian sumo wrestler, the 68th Yokozuna
1980 – Ehron VonAllen, American singer-songwriter and producer
1981 – Cytherea, American pornographic actress
1981 – Lakshmipathy Balaji, Indian cricketer
1981 – Sophie Crumb, American illustrator
1981 – Brendon McCullum, New Zealand cricketer
1982 – Anna Camp, American actress
1982 – Jon McLaughlin, American singer-songwriter
1982 – Markus Rosenberg, Swedish footballer
1982 – Lil Wayne, American rapper, producer, and actor (The B.G.’z, Hot Boys, and Cash Money Millionaires)
1982 – Darrent Williams, American football player (d. 2007)
1983 – Jeon Hye-bin, South Korean actress and singer (LUV)
1983 – Shermon Tang, Hong Kong actress
1984 – Paul Bevan, Australian footballer
1984 – Davide Capello, Italian footballer
1984 – John Lannan, American baseball player
1984 – Avril Lavigne, Canadian singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
1984 – Abhinav Shukla, Indian actor
1985 – Massimo Bertocchi, Canadian decathlete
1985 – Grace Helbig, American actress and blogger
1985 – Daniel Pudil, Czech footballer
1985 – Ibrahim Touré, Ivorian footballer (d. 2014)
1986 – Vin Mazzaro, American baseball player
1986 – Ricardo Risatti, Argentinian race car driver
1987 – Ádám Bogdán, Hungarian footballer
1987 – Austin Carlile, American singer-songwriter (Attack Attack! and Of Mice & Men)
1987 – Olga Puchkova, Russian tennis player
1988 – Lisa Ryzih, German pole vaulter
1988 – Asami Tada, Japanese model
1989 – Mikiho Niwa, Japanese actress, model, and singer
1989 – Park Tae-hwan, South Korean swimmer
1991 – Ousmane Barry, Guinean footballer
1991 – Simona Halep, Romanian tennis player
1991 – Anete Paulus, Estonian footballer
1991 – Rio Uchida, Japanese model and actress
1992 – Jake Burbage, American actor
1992 – Luc Castaignos, Dutch footballer
1992 – Pak Kwang-ryong, North Korean footballer
1992 – Ryan O’Shaughnessy, Irish singer-songwriter and actor
1992 – Gabriel Vasconcelos Ferreira, Brazilian footballer
1992 – Granit Xhaka, Swiss footballer
1993 – Lisandro Magallán, Argentinian footballer
1993 – Patrick Mölleken, German actor
1993 – Mónica Puig, Puerto Rican tennis player
1993 – Vinnie Sunseri, American football player
1994 – Cindy Bruna, French model
1995 – Lina Leandersson, Swedish actress
1995 – Anderson Lim, Bruneian swimmer
1996 – Iman bint Abdullah, Jordanian princess
2011 – Giorgi Bagrationi, Spanish-Georgian son of David Bagration of Mukhrani

Deaths
1249 – Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse (b. 1197)
1404 – William of Wykeham, English bishop (b. 1320)
1557 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (b. 1497)
1590 – Pope Urban VII (b. 1521)
1651 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1573)
1660 – Vincent de Paul, French priest and saint (b. 1581)
1674 – Thomas Traherne, English clergyman, poet, and theologian (b. 1637)
1700 – Pope Innocent XII (b. 1615)
1719 – George Smalridge, English bishop (b. 1662)
1730 – Laurence Eusden, English poet (b. 1688)
1735 – Peter Artedi, Swedish ichthyologist and zoologist (b. 1705)
1737 – John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Kent (b. 1680)
1742 – Hugh Boulter, Irish archbishop (b. 1672)
1783 – Étienne Bézout, French mathematician and theorist (b. 1730)
1832 – Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher and author (b. 1781)
1833 – Ram Mohan Roy, Indian humanitarian and reformer (b. 1772)
1838 – Bernard Courtois, French chemist and pharmacist (b. 1777)
1876 – Braxton Bragg, American general (b. 1817)
1886 – Charles Gordon Greene, American journalist and politician (b. 1804)
1891 – Ivan Goncharov, Russian author and critic (b. 1812)
1911 – Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and academic (b. 1844)
1915 – Remy de Gourmont, French author, poet, and critic (b. 1858)
1917 – Edgar Degas, French painter and sculptor (b. 1834)
1921 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (b. 1854)
1940 – Walter Benjamin, German philosopher and critic (b. 1892)
1940 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian physician and neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
1944 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist, founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (b. 1890)
1956 – Gerald Finzi, English composer and educator (b. 1901)
1956 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American basketball player and golfer (b. 1911)
1960 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English activist (b. 1882)
1965 – Clara Bow, American actress and singer (b. 1905)
1965 – William Stanier, English engineer, co-designed the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (b. 1876)
1967 – Felix Yusupov, Russian husband of Princess Irina Alexandrovna of Russia (b. 1887)
1972 – S. R. Ranganathan, Indian mathematician, librarian, and academic (b. 1892)
1974 – Silvio Frondizi, Argentinian lawyer and academic (b. 1907)
1975 – Jack Lang, Australian politician, 23rd Premier of New South Wales (b. 1876)
1979 – Gracie Fields, English-Italian actress and singer (b. 1898)
1979 – Jimmy McCulloch, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (One in a Million, Small Faces, Wings, Thunderclap Newman, and The Dukes) (b. 1953)
1981 – Robert Montgomery, American actor, singer, director, and producer (b. 1904)
1983 – Wilfred Burchett, Australian journalist and author (b. 1911)
1984 – Chronis Exarhakos, Greek actor (b. 1932)
1985 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor and singer (b. 1902)
1986 – Cliff Burton, American bass player and songwriter (Metallica, EZ-Street, and Trauma) (b. 1962)
1991 – Joe Hulme, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1904)
1991 – Oona O’Neill, English-Swiss actress (b. 1926)
1993 – Jimmy Doolittle, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1896)
1993 – Fraser MacPherson, Canadian saxophonist (b. 1928)
1996 – Mohammad Najibullah, Afghan physician and politician, 7th President of Afghanistan (b. 1947)
1997 – Walter Trampler, American viola player and educator (b. 1915)
1998 – Narita Brian, Japanese race horse (b. 1991)
1998 – Shawn Phelan, American actor (b. 1975)
1998 – Doak Walker, American football player (b. 1927)
2003 – Donald O’Connor, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1925)
2004 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1929)
2005 – Ronald Golias, Brazilian comedian and actor (b. 1929)
2006 – Helmut Kallmeyer, German chemist and Action T4 perpetrator (b. 1910)
2007 – Dale Houston, American singer-songwriter (b. 1940)
2007 – Kenji Nagai, Japanese photographer and journalist (b. 1957)
2008 – Mahendra Kapoor, Indian singer (b. 1934)
2008 – Henri Pachard, American film director (b. 1939)
2009 – Ivan Dykhovichny, Russian director and screenwriter (b. 1947)
2009 – Charles Houston, American physician and mountaineer (b. 1913)
2009 – William Safire, American author and journalist (b. 1929)
2010 – George Blanda, American football player (b. 1927)
2010 – Balaji Sadasivan, Singaporean neurosurgeon and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs for Singapore (b. 1955)
2010 – Trevor Taylor, English race car driver (b. 1936)
2011 – David Croft, English director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
2011 – Johnny “Country” Mathis, American singer-songwriter (Jimmy & Johnny) (b. 1933)
2012 – Eddie Bert, American trombonist (b. 1922)
2012 – R. B. Greaves, Guyanese-American singer (b. 1943)
2012 – Herbert Lom, Czech-English actor and singer (b. 1917)
2012 – John Silber, American academic and politician (b. 1926)
2012 – Sanjay Surkar, Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1959)
2012 – Frank Wilson, American songwriter and producer (b. 1940)
2013 – Gates Brown, American baseball player and coach (b. 1939)
2013 – Oscar Castro-Neves, Brazilian-American guitarist, composer, and conductor (b. 1940)
2013 – Elvin R. Heiberg III, American general (b. 1932)
2013 – Tuncel Kurtiz, Turkish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1936)
2013 – A. C. Lyles, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
2013 – Albert Naughton, English rugby player (b. 1929)
2013 – Jay Robinson, American actor (b. 1930)
2014 – Gaby Aghion, French fashion designer, founded Chloé (b. 1921)
2014 – Eugie Foster, American journalist and author (b. 1971)
2014 – Taylor Hardwick, American architect, designed Haydon Burns Library and Friendship Fountain Park (b. 1925)
2014 – Wally Hergesheimer, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1927)
2014 – Abdelmajid Lakhal, Tunisian actor and director (b. 1939)
2014 – Sarah Danielle Madison, American actress (b. 1974)
2014 – James Traficant, American lawyer and politician (b. 1941)

Holidays and observances
Christian feast days:
Adheritus
Vincent de Paul
Thomas Traherne (Episcopal Church (USA))
September 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
End of Independence War (Mexico)
French Community Holiday (French community of Belgium)
Meskel (Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Church, following Julian calendar)
World Tourism Day (International)